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Field team exploring sites in Quebec for CSA Kapvik microrover field trials.

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A number of abandoned chrysotile (serpentinite) open-pit mines occur in SE Quebec. These sites have been used for field trails of microrovers designed to search for evidence and sources of methane on Mars that may be present in similar terrains. The Kapvik microrover, designed and fabricated under the aegis of CSA by MPB Communications and Carleton University, has been field tested at these mine sites in order to develop rover-based search strategies for Mars methane.

Relevant references:

Olsen, K.S., E. Cloutis, and K. Strong (2012) Small-scale methane dispersion modelling for possible plume sources on the surface of Mars. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L19201, doi:10.1029/2012GL052922, 2012.
Qadi, A., E. Cloutis, C. Samson, L. Whyte, A. Ellery, J.F. Bell III, G. Berard, A. Boivin, E. Haddad, J. Lavoie, W. Jamroz, R. Kruzelecky, A. Mack, P. Mann, K. Olsen, M. Perrot, D. Popa, T. Rhind, R. Sharma, J. Stromberg, K. Strong, A. Tremblay, R. Wilhelm, B. Wing, and B. Wong (2015) Mars methane analogue mission: Mission simulation and rover operations at Jeffrey Mine and Norbestos Mine, Quebec, Canada. Advances in Space Research, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2014.12.008.